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People go to an Eye care center and get their problems solved, be it any disease or an issue related to vision. When they visit the clinic, they get confused as to whom to approach. People consider both, an optometrist and an ophthalmologist the same, but they are quite different in reality. This article will clarify the doubts of such people and make everyone aware of the difference between an optometrist and ophthalmologist.

An ophthalmologist is an eye doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment of the diseases and eye care, whereas an optometrist handles the task to diagnose vision and its treatment. An optometrist treats farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatism. Optometrists suggest eye glasses, lenses, eye exercises and eye therapies.

Ophthalmologists go through the complete medical course followed by four years in medical school and an internship of one year where they get their doctorate degree to become a licensed physician. After this, they undergo a minimum of three years in residency consisting of both surgical and medical training in the eye care facility. To become an optometrist, a person has to undergo four years of Optometry Professional Education Degree Course after completing the undergraduate course. The four years of professional course also consist of training for an eye examination and the treatment of eye disorders. The optometrists do not have a degree in medicine and are neither trained nor entitled to undertake eye surgery.

The Ophthalmologist treats the following diseases or eye problems:

  • Glaucoma- A disease in the eye, which damages the optic nerve and affects vision. If not treated in time, it may degrade to permanent blindness.
  • Iritis- The iris of the eye gets inflamed because of some systemic diseases.
  • Chemical burns
  • Eye Tumors
  • Crossed Eye
  • Orbital Cellulite- Severe disease of the eye tissue and those surrounding the eyes, including the eyebrows, eyelids, and cheek.
  • Retinopathy- Damage caused to the retina because of the side effects of other systemic diseases like diabetes.
  • Eye Trauma- The injury caused to the eye and its parts because of the accidents or unfavorable incidents.
  • Optic Neuritis- Disease of the eye nerve where there is inflammation of the eye nerve followed by pain and sometimes loss of vision.
  • Cataract- An eye disease where the opacification or darkening of the lens inside the eye takes place.

The Optometrist, on the other hand, treats or diagnosis the following eye disorders and work to improve the vision of the patients.

  • Cataract- An eye disease where the opacification or darkening of the lens inside the eye takes place. After diagnosis, ABBA Eye Care refers out to an ophthalmologist if surgery is needed.
  • Glaucoma- Damaging of the optic nerve which may lead to irreversible loss of vision and sometimes to permanent blindness.
  • Farsightedness
  • Nearsightedness
  • Retinal Diseases
  • Astigmatism- A disorder where the person is not able to see a clear image of the objects.
  • Presbyopia- Inability to focus on near objects due to the decrease in the elasticity of the eye lens.
  • Amblyopia- Reduced vision in the healthy eye.
  • Strabismus- A vision defect where the eye cannot focus with the other on an object due to the muscular imbalance.

It may now be clear from the article that when there is a disease in the eye, the ophthalmologist is to be consulted whereas if there is any vision defect, people should consult and optometrist. If you have any questions about which type of eye doctor you should be seeing, contact us at ABBA Eye Care.